INFERTILITY – AN OVERVIEW

Infertility is defined as the failure to get pregnant after one year of unprotected, well timed sexual intercourse. Research has found that about 40% of infertility is caused by female factors, 40% of male factors and 20% by a combination of both.

WHAT CAUSES INFERTILITY?

Ovulation occurs most frequently about 14 days before menstruation begins. An egg is released from the ovary and is swept into the fallopian tube where fertilisation occurs. 2-3 days later, the fertilised egg implants in the lining of the Uterus. Any factor that impedes this process can prevent conception. Common causes of infertility include: hormonal problems, blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis and sperm of insufficient quality or quantity.

WHAT TESTS ARE PERFORMED?

Diagnostic tests are prescribed based on your medical history. A physical examination and the results of any previous testing and/or treatment are analysed. This could include a semen analysis, blood workup, pelvic ultrasound and a Hysterosalpingogram (an x-ray to evaluate the uterus and the fallopian tubes). The results constitute the infertility work up which the Doctor uses to diagnose and treat your infertility.

WHAT IS THE NEXT STEP?

You and your partner will need to meet with our medical staff to discuss the results of the work up. Our staff will then take you through a personalized step-by-step treatment plan. Do not be afraid to ask the medical or nursing staff for clarification of anything you are told or asked to do as part of your on-going care.